The 5 lesser-known ways killing wildlife ruins the Philippines

When you were a kid, did you ever own a pellet gun, an airgun, or even a tirador?

If you did, then you probably tried using it on some helpless bird in your backyard. And if you were as good as I am, you probably missed every shot.

Thankfully, my incompetence in accuracy is paying off because I wouldn’t have only shot birds down,  I would’ve sabotaged the country in more ways than one.

Here’s why.

UP Black Bittern
You might’ve seen this picture of a dead Black Bittern inside the UP Diliman campus going around Facebook since the start of November.

Thanks to Facebook, I’ve seen more photos of birds being killed during the past few months than I have in the last twenty years put together.

When I first saw the post above, my initial reactions were of disgust and of frustration. Going by Facebook’s comments section, a lot of people felt the same way:

Facebook Comments

The good news is, the fact that so many were alarmed is a welcome sign that the environmental movement is alive in the Philippines.

What’s slightly worrying, though, is that barely no one mentions why these birds are important in the first place.

It’s either because everyone already knows their importance so they don’t bother repeating common sense information or the opposite: that not many people know at all.

So which one of them is true?

Up until a year ago when I started getting involved on the subject, I didn’t know or even care much about birds. But after annoying biologists, reading their research, and actually going out birdwatching, this was the message I got:

The Philippines gets worse off with each wild bird we kill, making us suffer 5 key consequences:

1. We’re losing billions in $$$

Birds are worth much more in the wild than in cages, and it’s not about zoos.

I’m talking about birdwatching.

Unfortunately, if you mention birdwatching in the Philippines you’ll be met with blank, puzzled faces.

But in the United States, birdwatching contributes a whopping $85 billion to the economy and has created more than 860,000 jobs. This is thanks to 46 million birdwatchers who travel, buy equipment, pay park fees, and hire guides just to observe birds in their natural habitat.

Birdwatchers in Candaba - Miko Castaneda
They also buy clothes to pretend they’re trees.  Photo by Miko Castaneda.

This isnt exclusive to the US either.  Even our close neighbors are way ahead of us.

I asked the founder of the Wild Bird Club of the Philippines, Mike Lu, about it and he said:

“Singapore, Malaysia, and Hong Kong have more established birding societies. The Malaysian Nature Society was established more than 70 years ago. Even Taiwan, an island smaller than Luzon, has more than 20 bird clubs. There are more birdwatchers in these countries and a higher level of environmental awareness.

Having legions of like minded people could be helpful to prevent killing for sport, like what this photo that appeared in my news feed last month shows:

Orioles Killed by Airguns

Among the birds shot dead in that photo are the Black Naped Oriole (the yellow one), the Coppersmith Barbet (the green one), and the Philippine Bulbul (yes that’s really its name, its the white one on top).

Compare that to what those 3 look like from a birdwatcher’s point of view:

Philippine Bulbul - Carlos Gomez
Photos by Carlos Gomez,Nic Cabigas,Anthony Balbin of the WBPP

Black Naped Oriole - Nic Cabigas Coppersmith Barbet - Anthony Balbin

The good news is, birdwatching is growing in the country.  According to Mike,

“10 years ago, people would ask what we were doing. Nowadays, with the help of media, I can hear people pointing to us and saying ‘Mga birdwatchers yan!'”

Here’s a bit of trivia I found that describes the Philippines’ potential as a birding destination: There are 15 species of birds that can only be found in the US mainland. The Philippines has more than 200.

So the next time you encounter a bunch of people in green with scopes and binoculars, say hello.  You might just discover something new.

2. Our forests are tapping out

After centuries of legal and illegal logging, we only have 3% of our natural forests left. But, according to the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), which counts artificial plantations for harvesting as forests, we have 23%.

Either way, both amounts are dangerously low.

But including artificial "forests" for production, the DENR says there is 23% is left.

Do you know how nature responds to that? By sending out gardeners.

Birds are master tree planters.

Frugivores (the fruit eating ones) increase the size of forests just by pooping or puking out the seeds of their food. Add their huge flight range to that, and you’ve got a recipe for easy planting.

One bird in particular was noted for its effectiveness in tropical forests in a study:

Hornbills are able to disperse 748 plant species… They are capable of dispersing seeds over several kilometers, resulting in a relatively even spread of seeds throughout the forest.”

9 species of Hornbills have been identified (so far) in the Philippines.

One of them, the Rufous Hornbill, was shot dead in Adams, Ilocos Norte just last March:

Rufous Hornbill - Ilocos Norte
Rufous Hornbill shot to death with an airgun.

Wouldn’t you rather see one alive?

Rufous Hornbill - Neon Rosell
Shot to life with a camera. Photo by Neon Rosell.

How bad is the disappearance of these built in gardeners?

Let’s just say we’re set to lose a lot more than just birds and trees.

In her research that involved 10 months of fieldwork across 500 km of Luzon’s forests to find their remaining population, Carmela Española from UP Diliman’s Institute of Biology  said that:

“I express the concern that, without stricter species and site protection, a major collapse of frugivore communities may occur across Luzon with serious implications for ecosystem functioning.”

3. Our fortune telling skills are getting rusty

Birds can tell the future. Sort of.

In ancient Rome, leaders would first consult Augurs (or prophets) before making major political or military decisions. These Augurs based their prophecies by observing the behavior of birds or by carving them up isaw-style.

Roman Augur
Augurs: 100% legit… Disclaimer: May not be 100% legit.

Turns out, they may have been on to something.

In 2001, the Haribon Foundation identified 117 places in the Philippines where birds threatened with extinction could be found (called Important Bird Areas or IBAs).

Half a decade later came another study which identified the priority areas that, if protected, would result in the most environmenal benefits. All 117 IBAs were eventually included in their list of 228 key biodiversity areas.

What’s the connection?

The initial study on birds served as the first sign that there might be other things worth saving. This included mammals, reptiles, even fish and corals in the case of the Tubbataha Reef.

Sierra Madre Mountain Range
Threatened birds helped in the formation of protected areas

Even though they’re not exactly psychic (as far as we know), birds are well known environmental indicators.

This means that when the environment deteriorates, birds are among the most affected. And since all you need to study birds is a pair of eyes, a drop in their population is the most obvious warning you can get that something bad is about to go down.

Note: birds may not be as effective for finding lotto numbers or a lovelife.

4. No more extra rice

Here’s a slice of history I recently read that you might not hear often in China:

In 1958, Mao Zedong declared war on sparrows. Believing it was a pest, he ordered all citizens to exterminate every single one they see and it worked: nearly 1 billion sparrows are estimated to have been killed.

Now, if Mao was a birdwatcher (he wasn’t), he’d know that sparrows are voracious insect eaters.

What kind of insects? The kind that can ruin a country.

4 Pest China
One of these things is not like the others…

Shortly after naming sparrows public enemy #1, locusts and other grain-eating pests swarmed over China’s crops, destroying its supply of rice and other grains. This contributed towards the Great Famine that lasted until 1962 and led to 20 million people dying from starvation.

Fortunately, our understanding of birds has evolved since then. Like how killing them is probably a bad idea.

In the US, a family of Barn Owls is capable of eating more than 1,000 rats and other rodents in just three months. This helps sugarcane farmers prevent $30 million in damage that rats would’ve caused.

We may not have Barn Owls, but we do have several species of similar rat-eating crop-saving owls including its cousin, the Grass Owl.

Grass Owl - Jimmy Javier
Just look at that heart-shaped face. Photo by Jimmy Javier of the WBPP.

The International Rice Research Institute in Los Baños, Laguna even has a workshop  on how to identify and attract birds that keep harmful snails and insects away from farms.

So don’t forget to say thank you to a bird when reaching for that extra rice.

5. We’re losing bits of our culture

In Greek mythology,  the muses were goddesses who inspired men to create master pieces of art. Homer called on muses several times in writing his Odyssey and Illiad epics (you know, Brad Pitt in sandals).

Now if Homer was in the Philippines, he would’ve just needed to find a bird.

Philippine culture is full of art inspired by birds. Take the classic origin story, Ang Alamat ni Malakas at Maganda.

The first man and woman emerged from a stalk of bamboo and found a fertile land which became the Philippines. But that wasn’t out of luck, it was a bird, a Haring Ibon,  that cracked open the bamboo and showed them where to go.

Malakas at Maganda - Dan Viray
Warning: R18. Painting by Dan Viray.

Down from the Maranao of Mindanao came the Sarimanok, whose legendary colors are symbols of prosperity. Then you have the Ibong Adarna, whose claim to fame (besides its superpowerered poop) is a song that can cure all sickness.

Judging by what those mythological birds represent, it seems that their importance has long been known in the Philippines after all.

So which among the following local birds would you give the “Most Likely to Inspire a Masterpiece” award to?

Scale Feathered Malkoha - Rey Sta Ana
The Scale Feathered Malkoha. Photo by Rey Sta Ana of the WBPP.
Philippine Trogon - Ely Teehankee
The Philippine Trogon. Photo by Ely Teehankee of the WBPP.
Pheasant Tailed Jacana - Wins Tornado
The Pheasant Tailed Jacana. Photo by Wins Paler of the WBPP.
Palawan Peacock Pheasant - Jovic Ferrer
The Palawan Peacock Pheasant. Photo by Jovic Ferrer of the WBPP.

Whether which birds had a hand (or a wing) in creating those legends may be unknown for now, but the fact that they played such significant roles must mean something.


The importance of birds goes well beyond the environment and it’s not just the birdwatchers who have something to lose.

The good news is, even without knowing exactly why, people know killing birds senselessly is wrong.

Mr Miyagi
Thanks for the vague words of wisdom, Mr Miyagi

You may not see any of these reasons in comments online, but that may not necessarily be because of ignorance.  The value of birds isn’t common sense yet, but at least we aren’t totally unaware of it either.

How do you think this problem could be solved?

If you want to help prevent more sensless killings and be part of the growing community of birdwatchers in the Philippines, visit the websites of the Wild Bird Club of the Philippines and the Haribon Foundation to sign up and join your first birdwatching trip.

Going hunting in the Philippines isn’t such a good idea in the first place. Expect fines and jail time if you’re ever found guilty of killing, catching, buying, or selling wildlife under the Wildlife Act.  It all depends on what you did, of course.
The biggest punishment possible? 12 years in prison and a P1 million fine for killing a Philippine Eagle.

This post was written by volunteer nature lovers. If you think it was helpful, please consider sharing it on Facebook and Twitter to help raise awareness about the Philippine environment.
You can also sign up with your email at the bottom of this page so you can be notified when new stories are sent in.

  • Ysabel
    November 19, 2014 at 4:07 pm

    Thank you for another very much informative and timely article. By the time I saw the photo of dead black naped orioles, coppersmith barbet, and Philippine bulbuls I was already in tears. I hate seeing animals being killed. If our lives are worth saving, arent those of other species equally worth it?
    Ps. That peacock pheasant is stunning!

    • Feeling Environmentalist
      November 19, 2014 at 6:43 pm

      Thanks Ysabel! It’s always sad when senseless killings occur even with regards to wild animals. Hopefully this list can help people convince others why they shouldn’t do it anymore.

  • Photographer
    November 20, 2014 at 10:59 am

    Aren’t photographers & eco-tourisim operators more damaging to wild birds than hunters, poachers and illegal loggers?

    That has been the position of WBCP for almost half a decade.

    What’s with the hate reversal?

    • Feeling Environmentalist
      November 20, 2014 at 11:37 am

      Hi Photographer! That’s the biggest exaggeration I’ve ever read haha. Anyways, I don’t think hate is received just by identifying yourself with a group.

      It doesn’t matter if you’re a photographer, resort owner, hunter, tour guide, or birdwatcher. If you do something harmful, then you’re gonna get blasted. The labels you apply to yourself just distract from the real issue that should be discussed. Generalizations aren’t helping anybody 🙂

  • ornithographer
    November 20, 2014 at 1:50 pm

    Good points! Very interesting comment about the Filipino culture. I have a blog which mentioned the Ibong Adarna. We were in Coron and one of the hotel/resort owners told us that there is an “ibong adarna” in their property. We were curious, of course. The story is here:

    • Feeling Environmentalist
      November 20, 2014 at 2:43 pm

      Just read your story, that was a really thrilling experience! I can understand how the colors and the bizzare appearance of the malkoha would make it a good candidate for the Ibong Adarna. I’ll include a link to your post on the article. Thanks Bob!

  • sjanima
    November 21, 2014 at 3:56 pm

    Reblogged this on sjanima and commented:
    I love live birds on the trees or anywhere and this is a great post.

  • sjanima
    November 21, 2014 at 3:57 pm

    Very interesting. thank you for the information I got from your post,

  • rene bajit
    November 21, 2014 at 10:28 pm

    There should be more education on wildlife specially on conservation.. and this can be done with a program on the training and education of teachers teaching science. And social studies. .. teaching the kids early may provide results. Maybe awareness and more insights like these be realized by the teachers. .

    • Feeling Environmentalist
      November 24, 2014 at 3:23 pm

      I agree Rene! Maybe birdwatching should be taught to science teachers. If children can get to appreciate birds at an early age that doesn’t involve shooting at them, they will be more supportive of conservation efforts when they grow up.

  • dtheyveed
    November 22, 2014 at 6:19 am

    Galing talaga ni master..
    10 species na pala h0rnbills natin..

  • wearashirt
    November 22, 2014 at 9:20 am

    Reblogged this on wearashirt.

  • Zenaida
    November 23, 2014 at 1:55 am

    People who kill birds of any kind- exotic or not, are nothing but worthless beings who do not deserve to exist. The senseless killings are driven by their murderous inclinations with no regard to the conservation of wildlife and it’s environment. This practice is totally illegal and should be punishable by law. These killings are carried out by stupid, thoughtless, sadistic- minded morons who are less worthy than a scorpion that have ever crawled barefooted on this planet.

    • Zenaida
      November 23, 2014 at 2:02 am

      I am referring to non-game birds only.

    • Zenaida
      November 23, 2014 at 2:04 am

      This comment is referring to non-game birds only.

    • Feeling Environmentalist
      November 24, 2014 at 3:22 pm

      Thanks for reading, Zenaida! Besides from the people who kill birds for sport or out of boredom (who I agree should have the law handed down to them), many of them are also forced into it by their situation, sadly enough.

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